Management Seminar: Alex Bitekine
Towards a multi-level theory of institutional contestation: Exploring category legitimation across domains of institutional action
We explore how entrepreneurs with limited resources legitimated (or failed to legitimate) a new organizational category in different jurisdictions in Canada despite severe resistance. We identify three meso-level domains of institutional action (public, administrative, and legal), where actors intervene to change their macro-institutional environment. Our findings suggest that these domains mediate the relationship between micro-level agency and macro-level institutions. We describe how macro-level consensus about the category legitimacy emerges through competition between judgments embedded in different discourses and how a particular discourse attains validity, forcing other actors to change their initial unfavourable legitimacy judgments and recognize the category’s legitimacy.
Alex Bitektine is the Canada Research Chair in Institutions and Strategic Entrepreneurship and Associate Professor in Management at the John Molson School of Business in Montréal, Canada. He received his PhD in Management at McGill University, Canada. His broad research interests examine social evaluations (legitimacy, status, trust, etc.), multilevel theory, and the non-market strategies of entrepreneurs, NGOs and other actors in society.