Business Information Systems Cluster seminar paper: Daniel Schlagwein
Extant resource-level theories explain competitive advantages and differences in performance of firms through their possession of protected VRIN (valuable, rare, inimitable, and non-substitutable) resources. Increasingly, though, we find an interesting phenomenon in business practice: firms such as IBM, Facebook, Google, or Apple are opening VRIN information resources (e.g., code, contents, or APIs) to public use via the Internet. The literature indicates a lack of theoretical understanding of such open strategies. In this paper, we provide a definition and taxonomy of openness as well as explanations for the open strategies, with resources as the units of analysis. Our resource openness taxonomy has two dimensions: access to and control of resources. Based on this taxonomy, we develop a set of theoretical propositions regarding the impact of resource openness on value creation and value appropriation of firms. The paper improves our theoretical understanding of openness and its relation to value creation and value appropriation of firms.
Dr. Daniel Schlagwein is a Lecturer in Information Systems at the Australian School of Business, UNSW Australia. Daniel received Master and Ph.D. degrees in Information Systems from the University of Cologne, Germany. Daniel was a consultant in the ICT industry before pursuing an academic career. Daniel’s research interest is on crowdsourcing and openness. His research has been accepted/presented at Journal of Organizational Computing and Electronic Commerce, Academy of Management Annual Meeting, International Conference on Information Systems, European Conference on Information Systems and has been picked up by the media (e.g., Sky News Business Channel). Daniel chairs the track “Openness and IT” at the European Conference on Information Systems (2013, 2014, 2015).